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Who invaded, raided and ruled Britain?

Missing EBL? Of course you are! Here are all of the questions we were planning to look at over the summer term...this is something you can still research and do at home. 

 

Who were the Celts and why did they invade Britain?

NC: changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age

 

Golden Nuggets:

· There were three main branches of Celts in Europe –

Brythonic, Gaulic and Gaelic. Brythonic Celts (Britons)

settled in England.

· Some people can still speak Celtic languages such as

Welsh and Gaelic.

· Most Celts were farmers, and they lived in houses that

were round instead of square.

 

How did the Romans invade Britain?

NC: the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain; Julius Caesar’s

attempted invasion in 55-54 BC; successful invasion by

Claudius and conquest, including Hadrian’s Wall

 

Golden Nuggets:

· Julius Caesar first invaded Britain in 55 BC. There were

several battles between the Roman army and the Celtic

tribes who lived in Britain at the time, but the Romans

didn’t have a large enough army and they retreated.

· The Roman Empire was cut in half by a pair of Caesars.

· The Roman army was one of the most successful armies in

history and far more advanced than any other army at the

time.

 

How did the Anglo-Saxons take over Britain?

NC: Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots; Anglo-Saxon

invasions, settlements and kingdoms: place names and village

life

 

Golden Nuggets:

· The Anglo-Saxons were the first people we would describe

as English: modern English began with, and developed

from, their speech.

· Saxon war tribes were hired to defend Britain when the

Roman army left. So the Anglo-Saxons were originally

invited immigrants.

· The Anglo-Saxons were made up of three tribes: the

Angles, Saxons and Jutes.

 

Why were the Vikings so fearsome?

NC: the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor; Viking raids and invasion

 

Golden Nuggets:

· Vikings attacked villages by the sea in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland.

· By 866 the Vikings made York the second biggest city in England.

· Places ending in ‘by’ ‘thorpe’ and ‘toft’ were built by Vikings.

 

Normans: How did the death of Edward the Confessor lead to a fight for the throne?

 

NC: the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

 

Golden Nuggets:

· The Normans came from northern France, and invaded England in 1066 after King Edward the Confessor died without leaving an heir to the throne.

· William the Conqueror published the Domesday Book, which tells us a lot about the people who lived in England in the 11th century.

· The Normans built stone castles – some of these are still standing today.

 

Tudors: Who were the Tudors?

NC: a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066; a significant turning point in British history

 

Golden Nuggets:

· The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603. This was when the Tudors were the ruling family in England.

· The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603. This was when the Tudors were the ruling family in England.

· The Tudor rose was created when Henry VII brought an end to the Wars of the Roses (an ongoing battle between two royal groups – the House of Lancaster and the House of York). He joined the White Rose of York with the Red Rose of Lancaster, creating the Union Rose (or Tudor Rose), which is still used as the floral emblem of England today.

 

Tudors: Who was Henry VIII and why did he fall out with the Pope?

NC: a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066; a significant turning point in British history

 

Golden Nuggets: · Following his father’s death, Henry VIII became King of England in 1509 and ruled until his death in 1547. · Henry VIII is well known for his six marriages – and for having two of his wives beheaded. · Henry VIII formed the Church of England following an argument with the Pope about divorcing his first wife.

 

Tudors: What was it like to live in Tudor times?

NC: a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066; a significant turning point in British history

 

Golden Nuggets:

· The Tudors enjoyed eating different types of meat. But without fridges and freezers, they would preserve meat by rubbing salt on it.

· It was extremely dangerous to be a Catholic in Tudor times. Many priests had to hide or face the death penalty.

· Some of the boardgames the Tudors played are still enjoyed today, such as chess, backgammon and card games.

 

Tudors: Who was Queen Elizabeth and how did she make her mark on history?

 

NC: a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066; a significant turning point in British history

 

Golden Nuggets: · Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17th November 1558 to 24th March 1603. She’s regarded as one of the greatest monarchs of England. · Elizabeth proved to be a more tolerant ruler than her half-sister Mary and tried to make England a fairer place for everyone. · Elizabeth refused to marry, saying, “I am already bound unto a husband which is the Kingdom of England”.

 

Victorians: What was Queen Victoria’s legacy?

 

NC: the changing power of monarchs using case studies such as Victoria

 

Golden Nuggets:

· Ruling for over 60 years, Victoria would become the longest reigning British Monarch, and Queen of the biggest empire in history. During her time as Queen, the British Empire included Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and India.

· Victoria and Albert had a whopping nine children together – their names were Victoria, Edward, Alice, Alfred, Helena, Louise, Arthur, Leopold and Beatrice.

· Albert died in December 1861, when the Queen was 42 years old. The Queen never recovered from his death, and dressed in black as a sign of mourning for the rest of her life.

 

What was the Battle of Britain?

 

NC: a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066 -the Battle of Britain

 

Golden Nuggets:

· The Battle of Britain was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe. It has been described as the first major military campaign fought entirely by air forces.

· The British officially recognise the battle's duration as being from 10 July until 31 October 1940, which overlaps the period of large-scale night attacks known as the Blitz, that lasted from 7 September 1940 to 11 May 1941.

· Air raid sirens would warn people to go to the nearest Anderson shelter to stay safe. There was a blackout in the country at night time and lots of children were evacuated from cities to the countryside.

 

 


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