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What are the 7 wonders of the ancient world? 

Golden Nuggets-  

  • Pyramids of Giza are the only Ancient Wonder of the World which is in existence today. 

  • Believed to have been completed in 2560 BC, the Pyramids of Giza are the oldest of the 7 ancient wonders. 

  • Our traditional set of ancient wonders is recorded in a poem by Antipater of Sidon, writing in c.140 BC. 

 

What ancient wonders of the world were created by Greeks? 

Golden Nuggets- 

  • The statue of Zeus was crafted by the Athenian sculptor Phidias around the mid-fifth century B.C. 

  • The Colossus of Rhodes was an enormous bronze sculpture of the sun god Helios built by the Rhodians over 12 years in the third century B.C. 

  • The Lighthouse of Alexandria was designed by the Greek architect Sostratos and completed around 270 B.C 

 

How have other Greek achievements influenced the western world? 

Golden Nuggets- 

  • Pythagoras found ways to measure and describe shapes that we still use in maths today. 

  • Every four years the Greeks held a special sporting festival at Olympia - the Olympic Games. 

  • Ancient Greeks created ‘democracy’ or ‘rule by the people’ which is still used today. 

 

What was the culture and life like in Ancient Greece? 

NC- a study of Greek life 

  • Athens held the Panathenaic Games. Thousands of people paraded through the city to worship the god Athena. 

  • Athens also put on a drama festival called the Dionysia in honour of the god Dionysus (god of theatre and wine). 

  • The Pythian Games were held in Delphi for the god Apollo. 

 

Why was Zeus so important to the Ancient Greeks? 

Golden Nuggets- 

  • Zeus was the king of the Greek gods who lived on Mount Olympus. 

  • Zeus was the sixth child of the Titan gods Cronus and Rhea. 

  • He was the god of the sky and thunder. 

 

Who was Pharaoh Khufu and why was the Great Pyramid at Giza built? 

NC- he achievements of the earliest civilizations 

  • He was the second of the eight kings of the fourth dynasty. 

  • He is famous for building the Great Pyramid at Giza. 

  • The entire project took about 23 years to complete, during which time 2,300,000 building blocks, weighing an average of 2.5 tons each, were moved. 

 

What are the achievements of Ancient Egypt? 

Golden Nuggets- 

  • The ancient Egyptians invented one of the earliest known writing systems called hieroglyphs. 

  • The Egyptians learned how to make durable sheets of parchment from the papyrus plant. 

  • For numbers they used a decimal system. They didn't have numerals for 2 - 9 or zero. They just had numbers for factors of 10 such as 1, 10, 100. 

 

Is Chichen Itza an ancient wonder of the world? 

Golden Nuggets- 

  • Chichen Itza is classified as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World and in 1988 was enlisted as an UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

  • It is located in Yucatan and is one of the most visited locations in Mexico. 

  • Chichen Itza was once a vibrant city with a diverse population of Mayan people extending well into the tens of thousands. 

 

Who were the Mayans?  

Golden Nuggets- 

  • The Mayan, or Maya, peoples made their home in an area known as Mesoamerica (modern day Mexico and Central America). 

  • Mayan culture was well established by 1000 BCE, and it lasted until 1697 CE. 

  • All Maya shared a common culture and religion, but each city governed itself and had its own noble ruler. 

 

What is the history of the Handing Gardens of Babylon?  

Golden Nuggets- 

  • They were thought to have been built by Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC. 

  • They were built for his wife, Amytis of Media, who wanted to see the trees and plants of her homeland. 

  • The hanging gardens were destroyed in an earthquake after the 1st century BC 

 

Who were the Babylonians? 

Golden Nuggets- 

  • During the Akkadian Empire, Babylon existed as a small city on the Euphrates River. 

  • The Babylonia empire began when King Hammurabi inherited the throne from his father in 1792 BC. 

  • In 539 B.C., less than a century after its founding, the legendary Persian king Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon. 

 

How has Babylon changed over time? Is it still there? 

Golden Nuggets- 

  • Babylon was a major city of ancient Mesopotamia

  • The remains of the city are in present-day Hillah, Babil Governorate, Iraq

  • It has been estimated that Babylon was the largest city in the world from c. 1770 to 1670 BC, and again between c. 612 and 320 BC. It was perhaps the first city to reach a population above 200,000. 

 

Which ancient wonder would you have liked to see/ have seen and why? 

 

 

Why was the Temple of Artemis built? 

Golden Nuggets- 

  • The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was built to honor Artemis, one of three maiden goddesses of Olympus. 

  • It was built in Ephesus (an ancient city), which today would be near Selcuk, Turkey. 

  • It had to be rebuilt at least three times due to fire, flood and a mob that was determined to destroy it. 

 

Why does only one ancient wonder of the world still exist? 

Golden Nuggets- 

  • The Temple of Artemis and the Statue of Zeus were destroyed by fire. 

  • the Lighthouse of Alexandria, Colossus, and tomb of Mausolus were destroyed by earthquakes. 

  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon is the only one that is not known to have been destroyed, since it is not certain if it ever existed, or whether it was in Babylon. 


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