High frequency words (also called sight words or key words).
We suggest that as well as pointing out the words in books, newspapers and on posters, you can help your child to learn the words using a games, for example matching pairs. This way, your child will be able to learn the words almost effortlessly.
Although the English language contains many thousands of words, research by Solity 2005 has shown that just 16 words (a, and, he, I, in, is, it, my, of, that, the, then, to, was, went, with) make up a quarter of all the words in a typical text, whether aimed at adults or children, and that a total of 100 words (including the 16 most common) represent half the words in a text. Learning these "high frequency words" can give your child a head start in learning to read.
TRICKY WORDS: the high frequency words that don't follow the simple phonic code.